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Beyond Manzanar

Main Page

History and
project origins

virtual reality

In the wake
of Sept. 11



Demo Movie


An interactive virtual reality large projection installation by Tamiko Thiel and Zara Houshmand

Current Events:

San Jose Museum of Art: September 22, 2019 - August 9, 2020
Showing in "Almost Human: Digital Art from the Permanent Collection."

EVENT: Saturday, October 19, 2019, 1:30pm - 3pm.
"CREATIVE MINDS: Artist talk Tamiko Thiel and Zara Houshmand with Susan Hayase." Free with museum admission.


Download background information (8.5MB) on Beyond Manzanar,
with historic articles and images.

In his book The Total Work of Art: From Bayreuth to Cyberspace, Boston University Professor Matthew Smith concludes with: "... it is encouraging that some digital artists have begun to reflect critically on the tradition of the Gesamtkunstwerk, to introduce estrangement devices that are not ultimately reincorporated back into the totality of the work. Such a Brechtian response to the total work of art is most clearly in evidence in Beyond Manzanar." (The book is available on; here is a pdf excerpt of the section on Beyond Manzanar)

In her award-winning book From Sites of Memory to Cybersights: (Re)Framing Japanese American Experiences, Regensburg University Professor of American Studies Ingrid Gessner explores Japanese American commemorative practices dealing with the construction and mediation of cultural memory and national/ethnic identity. A chapter of the book is devoted to Beyond Manzanar. The book is in English, and is available from in the UK, on the German website or on the Japanese website